With more than 10 million casualties, and probably 34 million more, osteoporosis is already considered a major health problem. Although not as common as in women, osteoporosis in men is also becoming a big issue. The advancement of this disease is mainly brought by several factors.
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by the thinning of the bones or lowering of bone mineral density. A silent disease, osteoporosis is often not detected until a fracture has incurred. Factors that may lead to the progress of the disease include hormones, nutrition and lifestyle.
Hormones. One of the functions of female sex hormone estrogen is directly responsible to the maintenance of bone density by reducing bone resorption while increasing bone formation. For this reason, women during their menopausal stage have a higher risk of acquiring the disease. In men, those who suffer from hypogonadism – a condition where there is less testosterone produced – are at great risk for developing the said disease.
Vitamins and Minerals. Vitamins and minerals are the keys to having healthy bones – specifically vintamin D and calcium. Calcium is stored in the bones to keep them strong and improve bone density. Vitamin D on the other hand, is mainly responsible to the absorption and regulation of calcium in the body.
Lifestyle. Drinking too much alcohol has been seen to lower down the bone mineral density. Furthermore, cigarette smoking is also believed to cause rapid bone loss. On a different note, the effects of caffeine in vitamin D absorption and calcium excretion have been thought to contribute to bone breakdown.
Moreover, mobility plays an important role in the regulation of the calcium in the bones. A inactive lifestyle could lead to the progress of osteoporosis; thus, exercising regularly is advocated particularly if you are at high risk of developing the disease.
It’s inspiriting to know that the factors stated above are factors which can be modified in order to evade the disease. By and large, prevention of the disease is better than treating it with bisphosphonates like Fosamax. Such drugs have been in a bad light and there are even patients who are contending for a Fosamax lawsuit after being allegedly harmed by the drug.
Tags: Health and Fitness